|Professionals in clinical practice should be aware of partner support, engagement with fetal movements, and postnatal depressive symptoms: All these factors offer opportunities for improving the bonding processes||DOI: Since disturbances in the mother-child bond increase the risk of negative consequences for child development, it is important to identify risk and protective factors for bonding as well as longitudinal associations|
|1 Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands||The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations|
3 Department of Child and Adolescent studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.28
|High maternal educational level was a risk factor for suboptimal prenatal bonding, as were depressive symptoms for suboptimal postnatal bonding||da Rosa KM, et al|
|A literature update on maternal-fetal attachment||The associations between most prenatal determinants and postnatal bonding were mediated by prenatal bonding, which underlines the importance of promoting prenatal bonding|
Archives of Women's Mental Health, 16, 1-16,• Previous research has used different bonding instruments during pregnancy and the postnatal phase, leading to inconsistent results.